The First International EBASI Conference was held 9-11 June 1988 at ICTP in Trieste, Italy. It was jointly sponsored by ICTP and Black American Friends of ICTP (a support group created as an implementing vehicle for this activity). The conference was also supported in part by the National Science Foundation (NSF). Nineteen scientific papers were presented. In addition, there were workshops and discussions on the state of physics and mathematics on the African continent, the needs of African and African American graduate students, and methods to establish permanent professional relationships. The conference proceedings were published.